Though younger than many other states in America, the history of Oklahoma spans back to the … Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. Huge pools of underground oil discoveries followed with the Glenn Pool Oil Reserve, the Cushing Oil Field, Three Sands, the Healdton Oil Field, the Oklahoma City Oil Field, and the Burbank Oil Field in Osage County, followed in 1926 by the Greater Seminole Oil Field. The Sequoyah Constitutional Convention met in Muskogee, on August 21, 1905. Texas Beyond History. Statehood for Texas was politically charged, as it added another "slave state" to the Union, and the conditions for its statehood were not resolved until the Compromise of 1850. The act established several specific requirements for the proposed constitution. The Oklahoma Historical Society has been collecting, preserving, and sharing the rich history of our state since 1893. According to archaeological research, humans occupy what is now Oklahoma 30,000 years ago. Some examples for the State of Oklahoma are: The following are only a few of the many sources that are available: To find more books and articles about Oklahoma 's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "Oklahoma history." On November 15, 1824, the westernmost portion of Arkansas Territory was removed and included with the unorganized territory to the north, and a second westernmost portion was removed on May 6, 1828, reducing Arkansas Territory to the extent of the present state of Arkansas. Oklahoma oil history began when exploration companies rushed to Indian Territory in 1897 after a column of oil erupted from a well near Bartlesville, a small town on the Caney River just south of the Kansas border. The convention's proposals were overwhelmingly endorsed by the residents of Indian Territory in a referendum election in 1905. [7], About AD 900, on terraces above the Washita and South Canadian Rivers in Oklahoma, farming villages began to appear. In the 1880s, early settlers of the state's very sparsely populated Panhandle region tried to form the Cimarron Territory but lost a lawsuit against the federal government. The economy was clearly recovering by 1940, as farm and cattle prices rose. The University of Oklahoma’s program in the history of science, technology and medicine is one of the oldest in the United States and has been training undergraduates and graduate students since the 1950s. Timothy McVeigh was later sentenced to death by lethal injection, while his partner, Terry Nichols, who was convicted of 161 counts of first degree murder received life in prison without the possibility of parole. In the 1920s, Democrat Kate Bernard campaigned for social justice and devoted her life to the underprivileged. Most of Oklahoma was set aside as Indian Territory before the Civil War. The convention drafted the constitution, established an organizational plan for a government, outlined proposed county designations in the new state, and elected delegates to go to the United States Congress to petition for statehood. [36], Oklahoma consistently rated among the top 10 states in war-bond sales, as it used showmanship, the spirit of competition, house-to-house solicitations, and direct appeals to big business to mobilize patriotism, state pride, and the need to save some of the high wages that could not be spent because of rationing and shortages. Today we have active undergraduate majors and minors. Oklahoma, constituent state of the U.S. In 1902, the leaders of Indian Territory sought to become their own state, to be named Sequoyah. This resulted in the bend in the Arkansas/Oklahoma border at Fort Smith, Arkansas.[13]. In historic times, the Kiowa and Apache have a history that is closely related. The United States entered into two new treaties with the Creeks and the Seminoles. She helped underpaid, unskilled workers form their own union in Oklahoma City. In 1884, in United States v. Payne, the United States District Court in Topeka, Kansas, ruled that settling on the lands ceded to the government by the Indians under the 1866 treaties was not a crime. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. Although the most persistent dust storms primarily affected the Panhandle, much of the state experienced occasional dusters, intermittent severe drought, and occasional searing heat. 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